Bioengineering (Basel). 2022 Jul 28;9(8):349. doi: 10.3390/bioengineering9080349.
We aimed to investigate the stress relaxation properties of five different thermoplastic aligner materials subjected to 14 days of constant deflection. Five different thermoplastic aligner materials were selected, whose elastic properties varied: F22 Evoflex, F22 Aligner, Durasoft, Erkoloc-Pro and Duran. The static properties of these materials-in particular, stiffness, stress-strain curve and yield stress-were measured with a three-point bending test. For all the tests that were performed, a minimum of three samples per material were tested. The yield load, yield strength, deformation and particularly the stiffness of each material were found to be similar in the single-layer samples, while the double-layer samples showed far lower stiffness values and were similar one to another. F22 Evoflex and Erkoloc-Pro maintained the highest percentages of stress, 39.2% and 36.9%, respectively, during the 15-day period. Duran and Durasoft obtained the lowest final stress values, 0.5 MPa and 0.4 MPa, respectively, and the lowest percentage of normalized stress, 4.6% and 3.9%, respectively, during the 15-day period. All the materials that we tested showed a rapidity of stress decay during the first few hours of application, before reaching a plateau phase. The F22 Evoflex material showed the greatest level of final stress, with relatively constant stress release during the entire 15-day period. Further research after in vivo aging is necessary in order to study the real aligners’ behavior during orthodontic treatment.