Angle Orthod. 2015 Sep;85(5):848-58. doi: 10.2319/072214-510.1. Epub 2014 Nov 18.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree to which the height, width, and cross-section of rectangular and square orthodontic archwires affect the play between the archwires and the bracket slot.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stated measurements (height and width) of 43 archwires from six different manufacturers were compared with real values obtained using a digital gauge. The curvature (radius) of the edge bevels was also measured to calculate the play within the slot, and this measurement was compared with the ideal value.
RESULTS: The real height and width of the archwires differed from those stated by the manufacturers, falling within the range -6.47% and +5.10%. The curvature of each bevel on each archwire cross-section was shown to differ, and consequently increased the real play between the archwire and slot with respect to the ideal to different degrees.
CONCLUSIONS: The archwire-slot play was greater than the ideal for each archwire considered, inevitably leading to a loss of information within the system.